ROZGAAR SURVEY REPORT
A STUDY ON THE IMPACT OF COVID-19 ON MIGRANT WORKERS IN INDIA
There are over 450 million internal migrants in India today.
Daily Wage Worker Platform in collaboration with prominent Non-Government Organisations (NGOs) surveyed around 7000 migrant workers from September to November 2020, spanning across states of Bihar, Odisha, and Maharashtra in order to understand the plight of migrant workers during the lockdown and the consequences. It was found that almost 85% of the surveyed workers did not have any source of income after the lockdown and almost 50% reported difficulty due to food shortages. 35% still have no access to basic healthcare. Thousands lack access to government welfare schemes with little awareness about their rights or access to legal aid.
To mitigate the distress and support the workers through an inclusive recovery process, it is important to implement policies that take into account the demands and needs of these workers who were the hardest hit by the pandemic. Addressing data gaps within the system so that workers are documented and identified for transfers and benefits, ensuring each worker has proper employment documentation, skill training and increasing legal awareness among workers should be some key policy goals.
As the Government works towards providing these benefits, an innovative approach by the Rozgaar Sahayata Manch aims to address the root causes of the current crisis through the provision of an integrated package of services including data collection, job placements, skill development, access to government schemes and legal awareness. These services will be provided to migrant workers through a consortium of NGO partners across different states.